Diabetes: Causes and Treatment
Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. According to the American Diabetes Association, 30 million individuals had this disease in 2015. Approximately 300,000 deaths per year have been attributed to this condition. Due to the prevalence of this disease, physicians strongly recommend immediate diabetes management in Provo. This will prevent tissue destruction and organ damage.
What Is Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic illness that causes elevated sugar levels in the bloodstream. In Type I diabetes, individuals have ineffective insulin production, which results in the inability to regulate blood sugar. It can also be attributed to excessive carbohydrate intake, which causes the accumulation of glucose in your blood. Over time, the overconsumption of carbohydrates can result in insulin resistance, which diminishes carbohydrate absorption and distribution in the organs.
What Are the Symptoms of Diabetes?
Diabetic individuals have different symptoms. Common clinical manifestations include increased thirst and hunger despite adequate food consumption. You might also experience weight loss, headaches, and frequent urination. During the latter stage of the disease, blurred vision, numbness, and weakness might even ensue.
How Is Diabetes Diagnosed?
Laboratory testing is the first diagnostic modality for diabetes. Laboratory exams such as the oral glucose tolerance test can be done to diagnose diabetes. If you test positive, your physician will diagnose you with diabetes.
How Is Diabetes Treated?
Diabetes is managed according to your blood glucose levels. Oral hypoglycemic agents are the initial treatment of choice. If blood sugar levels remain elevated despite oral drugs, intramuscular insulin can be given to the patient.
Overall, diabetes is a chronic disease that causes damage in the cardiovascular, respiratory, neurological, and renal systems of the body. Patients should undergo routine laboratory testing and medical consultation to improve the overall quality of life.